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# Area of polygons

The basic principle for calculating the area of polygons, such as pentagons, hexagons, heptagons, and so on, is to divide the polygon into triangles (or other simple shapes), figure out the areas of those, and add them.

We do that for one quadrilateral. Then I show another method which works well for polygons in the coordinate grid. You draw a rectangle AROUND the polygon. Then you figure out the areas of the right triangles that are between the actual polygon and the surrounding rectangle, and subtract the areas of those from the area of the rectangle.

Lastly in this lesson we calculate the area of a trapezoid... not by using the formula, but by dividing it into two triangles and a rectangle. Nothing difficult there, but the main point we learn that it is SO very IMPORTANT to keep track of and record your intermediate calculations. :)

Area of parallelograms and triangles

Math Mammoth Geometry 2 — a self-teaching worktext with explanations & exercises (grades 6-7)

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