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The goal of kindergarten mathematics is to prepare children for first grade math. Please see below a list of objectives and goals for kindergarten math:
Children may also get started with money, time, and measuring, though it is not absolutely necessary to master any of that. The teacher should keep it playful, supply measuring cups, scales, clocks, and coins to have around, and answer questions.
During 1st grade, children will then learn addition and subtraction facts, twodigit numbers, some adding and subtracting with twodigit numbers, and some basics of measuring, time and money.
Mathematics starts with COUNTING. Let children count all kinds of things they see or use. Use simple counting games, such as:
One extremely helpful manipulative to buy is a basic 100bead abacus (10 racks, 10 beads in each). This is the prime "toy" to teach numbers beyond ten. With such an abacus children will naturally learn their "tens and ones". I've written about the usage of abacus for learning place value here.
The best kind of abacus has each five beads in alternating colors, like the abacus from Schylling you see on the right.
If you can't get one with 5 and 5 beads in different colors, then get a regular abacus with 10 beads in each row, such as Melissa & Doug classic wooden abacus. You can browse Amazon's abacus selection here.
It is helpful to have concrete numbers (plastic or foam) that the children can touch. Other than that, games are again an excellent way to reinforce learning.
The child will then find the same number (make sure there are at least two of each number) and does the same, calling its name out loud and gathering the number to himself.
Then you reverse it so that it is first the child's turn to pick any number from the pile, call out its name, and put it to his pile, and you have to find the same number. After all the numbers in the middle pile were gone, the task is to arrange the numbers you have in order.
To recognize shapes and practice matching, you can either use readymade worksheets or workbooks, or make some of your own.
If you make your own, you can just draw three circles on a page and then 25 triangles on a page, and ask the child to match each circle with a triangle by drawing a line from shape to shape. Vary the shapes and the amounts. Sometimes the amounts should be equal, sometimes not.
Another variation is to ask the child to draw. First make some sticks, circles, squares, or other shapes on a page, and encircle them. Make for the child a big "bubble" to draw in, and ask the child to draw either the same amount, one more, or one less.
Also have your child practice writing numbers on paper.
I like to recommend Math Made Easy: Kindergarten Workbook by Dorling Kindersley as it's of good quality and simple to use. The whole series of Math Made Easy workbooks is quite good.
EvanMoore always publishes quality materials and their kindergarten workbook is no exception.
Yet another kindergarten math workbook to consider is Singapore Math — their EarlyBird Kindergarten Mathematics is praised a lot.
You can find lots more kindergarten math workbooks at Amazon. You don't need anything too fancy to practice these concepts, so workbooks from many different publishers can work equally well.
These major educational publishers offer their kindergarten math books as ebooks at Currclick:
EvanMoor Educational PublishersMany websites offer free worksheets for kindergarten math:
A child is ready for Math Mammoth complete first grade curriculum (Light Blue series) once he/she:
If you don't want to get a complete curriculum but prefer shorter books, then check out Addition 1 in Math Mammoth Blue Series as it is the first and easiest book of that series, suiting the beginning of 1st grade.
Both the 1st grade complete curriculum and the Addition 1 book start out dealing with addition within the range 010, but they also include missing addend problems such as 3 + __ = 7 and word problems. Kindergartners or younger children MAY get confused with the missing addend concept. If that happens, don't worry – just wait and let the child's brain mature.
By Maria Miller
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